and training play an essential role in the preservation, development and
continuation of human civilization. In the era of scientific and technological
revolution nowadays, education and training are becoming the main motive force
for the developmental acceleration and considered as a determining factor for
the success or failure of a nation in international competitions and for the
success of each individual in his life. Thus, the Government and people of
every nation highly appreciate the role of education and training.
Vietnam, Article 35 of the current Constitution (issued in 1992) stipulates: Education is the first priority of the
national policy. The Second Plenary Session of the Central Party Standing
Committee VIII has issued the Resolution on the strategic orientation for the
development of education and training during the period of industrialization
86 of the Education law stipulates the framework of governmental management of
education, including firstly the formulating and guiding, scheming and planning
strategy and policy for educational development.
Vietnamese Government, in pace with other socio-economic development
strategies, has planned a strategy to year 2020 with steps to year 2025 for the
national education and training development.
and training strategy plays a very important part in human resources
development strategy. Manpower with good knowledge is the most important
resource of the modern industry. Thus, to improve the quality of human
resources is the main conditions for the economic growth and social
development. We are developing the strategy for education and training
development while the country is step by step integrating into the world.
However, while the developed countries have achieved high level of development
in science and technology and they are moving forward a knowledge economy and
an information society, Vietnam is still a backward agricultural country with
narrow land, big population and a few natural resources. Therefore, education
and training strategy must be the key to narrow such a gap, push up the
industrialization and modernization, make the economy grow and improve the people's
living standards. Education and training strategy must bring into play the good
tradition of Vietnamese education. It must on the one hand enhance the
achievements and on the other hand overcome the weaknesses of the 15 years of
renovation in consistence with the world trend and prospective in several
the recent years, Vietnam’s education system has steadily developed. The number
of education schools and institutions has increased and the training quality
has gradually improved. From the system consisting of only narrowly specialized
schools, voacational institurions, colleges, universities and higer education
with different degrees have changed a lot facilitate programs.
far as we are concerned, the new educational programme's curriculum has eight ducational fields, which are language and
literature, mathematics, morals and citizen education and physical education,
as well as art, social science, natural science and technology and IT.
having gained certain achievements, our country's education and training sector
has still not caught up with the requirements of socio-economic development and
shown its weaknesses in a number of aspects: The quality of education and the
effectiveness of educational activities at all levels are still low; The
manpower training structure is not reasonable in terms of qualifications,
careers and regions; The social equity in education has not been carried out
sufficiently; Some negative and undisciplinary phenomena in education are not
prevented promptly. One of the key he causes of the weaknesses is slownness in
education and training management due to poor socio-economic aspect.
the Ministry of Education and Training (MoET) recently introduced a draft of
the overall general education programme to collect feedback from experts and
According to the draft, the 12-year programme
will have two phases of basic education (five years of primary school and four
years of secondary school) and vocational orientation (three years of high