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Since it began offshore oil exploration in the 1970s, Vietnam has become a net exporter of crude oil, while gas and petroleum reserves, coal reserves, and the harnessing of hydropower electricity provide other readily available sources of power. Minerals located in Vietnam include iron ore, tin, copper, lead, zinc, nickel, manganese, marble, titanium, tungsten, bauxite, graphite, mica, silica sand, and limestone. In addition, Vietnam has played a significant role in the exportation of agricultural products to the world markets as the world’s largest exporter of pepper, second largest exporter of coffee and rice, and third largest exporter of cashews, among other products.