the past years, agriculture, forestry & fishing sectors have made
significant achievements, contributing to the national security, economic
development, poverty reduction, trade balance, reducing inflation, defending
the territory as well as stabilizing socio-political situation in Vietnam.
Although Vietnam has undergone obvious changes in economic and labor structure,
so far, nearly 70% of Vietnamese population lives in the rural areas.
Therefore, these sectors are the main livelihoods of Vietnamese people.
of agricultural, forestry and fishery products in the first half of 2016 rose
5.4 per cent year-on-year to US$15.05 billion, according to the Ministry of
Agriculture and Rural Development.
export value of major agricultural produce was $7.32 billion, up 5.1 per cent
from the same period last year, while the seafood export value reached $3.07
billion, up 3.8 per cent.
forestry products in the period contributed $3.33 billion to the total export
value, down 0.1 per cent.
to the ministry, coffee, pepper, cashew nuts and seafood were sectors that
showed strong growth in the first six months of the year.
greatest increases of 39.8 per cent and 17.6 per cent in volume and value were
seen in coffee exports, helping the industry gain an export volume and value of
985,000 tonnes and $1.71 billion respectively.
followed, with a rise of 4.4 per cent in volume and 11.1 per cent in value to
156,000 tonnes and $1.2 billion.
seafood export value in June only was estimated at $553 million.
the first six months’ seafood export value, tra fish contributed $616 million,
the Viet Nam Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers said, forecasting
that the tra fish export turnover this year would be $1.5 billion, a reduction
of 5 per cent compared to 2015, due to the enforcement of trade and technical
barriers in many import markets as well as low demand there.
from January to June, rice, wood and timber products and cassava products,
among others, experienced a decline over the same period.
exports, for example, reported declines of 9.8 per cent and 5.9 per cent in
volume and value to 2.69 million tonnes and $1.21 million.
a rise in export volumes of 3.5 per cent and 31 per cent, the export value of
rubber and tea dropped 11.9 per cent and 2.7 per cent respectively.
spite of the above mentioned results and active contributions to the
socio-economic stability, agriculture, forestry & fishing development is
fundamentally based on exploiting the natural resources and consuming high
quantities of input materials but low technology. The low development quality
is exposed by the high loss level after harvest, uneven quality of products,
unsafe food sanitation and low capability in creating new added values.
How to cope with challenges and difficulties as
well as to explore opportunities are intertwined with the capability of Vietnam
to reform these main sectors in the past years and upcoming years. The prospect
to change fundamentally the current situation of the country's agriculture but
also with the national economy is obvious and Vietnam needs to spare no efforts
to implement the reform plans.