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Acknowledging that the digital economy is a leading factor in driving economic growth for countries including Vietnam, Vietnam’s government has issued several specific policies that aim to boost the digital economy.

The most important legislation in the area is summarized in the tables below.

Modernlaws are in place for electronic transactions (2005), information technology(2006), telecommunications (2009), radio frequencies (2009) and networkinformation security (2015). A series of decrees and decisions to providedetailed guidance on these laws have been issued.

Regulatoryframework relating to digital economy

Date of Issuance

Name of policy

Laws

14/6/2005

Commercial Law

29/11/2005

Law on Electronic Transactions

29/06/2006

Law on Information Technology

23/11/2009

Law on Telecommunication

21/6/2012

Law on Advertisement

26/11/2014

Law on Investment

26/11/2014

Law on Enterprises

19/11/2015

Law on Network Information Safety 

24/11/2015

 Civil Code (take effect on January 1st, 2017

27/11/2015

 Penal Code (take effect on July 1st, 2017)

Decrees to provide guidance on laws

15/02/2007

Decree No. 26/2007/ND-CP guiding the implementation of the E-transaction Law on digital signature and C/A services

23/02/2007

Decree No.27/2007/ND-CP on electronic transactions in financial activities

8/3/2007

Decree No.35/2007/ND-CP on electronic transactions in banking activities

13/08/2008

Decree No.90/2008/ND-CP on anti-spam

6/4/2011

Decree No. 25/2011/ND-CP detailing and guiding the implementation of some articles of the Law onTelecommunication

13/06/2011

Decree No. 43/2011/ND-CP detailing regulations on theprovision of online information and services on websitesor e-portals of State agencies

23/11/2011

Decree No. 106/2011/ND-CP amending andsupplementing Decree No. 26/2007/ND-CP on Digital Signature and Certification Authority services

5/10/2012

Decree No. 77/2012/ND-CP amending andsupplementing Decree No. 90/2008/ND-CP on Antispam

22/11/2012

Decree No 101/2012/ND-CP on non-cash payment(supersedes Decree No.64/2001/ND-CP on paymentoperations via the payment service providers)

16/5/2013

Decree No. 52/2013/ND-CP on E-commerce

15/7/2013

Decree No. 72/2013/ND-CP on management, provision and use of Internet services and online information

8/11/2013

Decree No.154/2013/ND-CP stipulation on theconcentrated zones of information technology

13/11/2013

Decree No.170/2013/ND-CP amending, supplementing some articles of Decree No.26/2007/ND-CP dated 15 February 2007 of the Government detailing on implementation of Law on Electronic Transactions on Digital signature and certification services of digital signature services and Decree No.106/2011/ND-CP dated 23 November 2011 of the Government amending and supplementing some articles of Decree No.26/2007/NDCP dated 15 February 2007.

14/11/2013

Decree No. 181/2013/ND-CP detailing some articles of Law on Advertisement

21/11/ 2016

Decree No. 156/2016/ND-CP on amendments to the Government's Decree No. 27/2007/ND-CP on e-transactions in financial operations

24/12/2016

Decree No. 166/2016/ND-CP of the Government on electronic transactions in the sector of social insurance, health insurance and unemployment insurance

Violation handlings

12/11/2013

Decree No. 158/2013/ND-CP on sanctioningadministrative violations in culture, sport, tourism andadvertisement.

13/11/2013

Decree No. 174/2013/ND-CP on sanctioningadministrative violations in the fields of posts,telecommunications, information technology and radio
frequency.

15/11/2013

Decree No. 185/2013/ND-CP on sanctioningadministrative violations in commercial activities,production, trading counterfeit or prohibited goods and
protection of the consumers’ rights

7/4/2014

Decree No.25/2014/ND-CP on the preventing, combating crimes and other violations of law using high technologies

19/11/2015

Decree No.124/2015/ND-CP amending and supplementing some articles of Decree No. 185/2013/ND-CP on sanctioning administrative
 violations in commercial activities, production, trading counterfeit or prohibited goods and protection of the consumers’ rights

Circulars guiding the implementation of some provisions in the decrees

15/09/2008

Circular No.78/2008/TT-BTC guiding the implementation of several provisions of Decree No.27/2007/ND-CP of 23 February 2007 on e-transactions in the financial activities

30/12/2008

Circular No. 12/2008/TT-BTTTT guiding the implementation of several provisions of Decree No. 90/2008/ND-CP on Anti-spam

2/3/2009

Circular No. 03/2009/TT-BTTTT stipulating the codes of management and the certification templates of these code for e-mail, messages and Internet messages advertisement service providers.

16/03/2009

Circular No. 50/2009/TT-BCT guiding on electronic transactions on the stock market.

31/07/2009

Circular No. 26/2009/TT-BTTTT stipulating the provision of information on and assurance of access to government agencies’ websites

14/12/2009

Circular No. 37/2009/TT-BTTTT stipulating procedures and required documents for the registration, licensing, and recognition of digital signature certificationauthorities

22/07/2010

Circular No.17/2010/TT-BKH detailing pilot online bidding

28/9/2010

Circular No.153/2010/TT-BCT guiding the implementation of the Government’s Decree No.51/2010/ND-CP dated 14 May 2010 stipulating on the form of invoice selling goods and providing services

9/11/2010

Circular No. 23/2010/TT-NHNN stipulating the managements, operations and use of inter-bank electronic payment system

10/11/2010

Circular No. 180/2010/TT-BTC guiding instructions on electronic transactions in the sector of taxation

15/11/2010

Circular No. 25/2010/TT-BTTTT stipulating the collection, use, share, safety assurance and protection of personal information on websites or e-portals of State agencies

20/12/2010

Circular No. 209/2010/TT-BTC stipulating electronic transactions in the professional operations of the State Bank.

14/3/2011

Circular No. 32/2011/TT-BTC guiding the creation, issuance and use of electronic invoices for goods sales and service provision

10/9/2012

Joint Circular No.10/2012/TTLT-BCA-BQPBTPBTTTT-VKSNDTC-TANDTC
guiding the provisions of Penal Code on some violations in the fields of
information technology and communication

5/12/2014

Circular No.47/2014/TT-BCT stipulating on the management of e-commerce websites (replaced Circular No.12/2013/TT-BCT stipulating the procedures for
notifying, registering and publicizing information related to e-commerce websites)

11/12/2014

Circular No.39/2014/TT-NHNN guiding on the intermediary payment services

28/7/2015

Circular No. 110/2015/TT-BTC guiding on the electronic transactions in tax field

18/8/2015

Circular No. 24/2015/TT-BTTTT stipulating on management and use of Internet resources

31/12/2015

Circular No. 59/2015/TT-BCT stipulating on the management of e-commerce activities through applications on mobile devices

Main Strategies, Master Plans,Initiatives

1

Vietnam post, telecommunications and information technology strategy until 2010 and orientations toward 2020 (Decision No. 246/2005/QD-TTG)

2

Master plan on Vietnam’s electronics industry up to 2010, with a vision toward 2020  (Decision No. 75/2007/QD-TTg)

3

National planning on development of IT security through 2020 (Decision No. 63/QD-TTg)

4

The target program on IT development through 2020, with a vision toward 2025 (Decision No. 392 /QD-TTg)

5

The program on development of broadband telecommunications infrastructure through 2020 (Decision No. 149/QD-TTg)

6

Scheme to support the national innovative startup ecosystem through 2025 (Decision No. 844/QD-TTg)

7

Vietnam strategy on ICT development till 2010 and orientations toward 2020 (Decision No. 246/2005/QD-TTg)

8

E-commerce Development Master Plan in the 2016-2020 period (Decision No. 1563/QD-TTg)

9

National Program on E-commerce Development in 2014 – 2020 period ( Decision No. 689/QD-TTg)

10

Strategy on development of Digital Economy (Draft)

11

Strategy on development of Industry 4.0 (Draft)


By Nguyen Thi Minh Huyen, Deputy Director General of Vietnam Ecommerce and Digital Economy Agency, Ministry of Industry and Trade of Vietnam
Viewed: 1789 Updated: 14:15 | 07/21/2018